Dhimmitude laws and you: Social and religious aspects
Remember, Dhimmitude is the position (allowed culture) of the non-Muslim under a comprehensive Islamic legal system that regulates every aspect of the non-Muslims’ lives and fixes their theological, legal, social, economic and political role---with no possibility of change as allah’s laws remain forever. Dhimmis are utterly subjugated and degraded. Despised dhimmis are war booty (fay) and ‘possessions’ of the Muslim community as distinct from slaves owned by an individual. (see Dhimmitude: What is it? and Dhimmitude laws and you: economic and political aspects.)
A notable aspect of dhimmitude is the unending humiliation and degradation of dhimmis which involves their differentiation and segregation from Muslims. The humiliation is justified by koranic verses and hadiths and perpetuated through laws and practices enforced by rulers and ordinary Muslims who abuse Dhimmis. Bat Ye’or notes that the degradation is a religious duty maintained by a “series of ordinances meticulously governing, down to the smallest detail, the organization of degradation that is sacralised into an ethical code.” (P 81) and applied to dhimmis at all times over the whole dar al-Islam according to numerous sources (Muslim and dhimmi). Periods of relief were exceptional and temporary. (p 90). The entire array of abuses has been noted for Hindus (eg Bostom p 32-35), Africans, Europeans including eastern Europeans , those in the middle–east and Asia. The Islamic loathing for others is openly expressed today even in the west in both physical (violence, rape, stealing, terrorism) and verbal abuse (sluts, offspring of criminals., filthy kufar...) (see articles on this site).
*Humiliating the Dhimmi is a practice regarded as a good deed or religious duty. Degradation of Dhimmis is written into many laws (Ye’or , lecture 2002)
*Shi’ite populations regarded dhimmis as so impure they were forbidden to go out in the rain or handle foodstuffs or indeed contact them in any way even indirectly for fear of transmitting their impurity (Ye’Or p 103).
Servility and humiliation are displayed even by religious leaders, even in 19th century Turkey (Ye’or p 107). Travellers from Europe noted the humility, terror, distress and panic of dhimmis under Islam into the 20th century including for the Serbs for some time after they were freed (Ye’or p 107, 108) AND it continues today.
*Dhimmis must have a humble appearance (Ye’or p 94), lowered eyes, hurried pace, silent. They had to give way to Muslims and stand in their presence (p100, 103)
*If a dhimmi raised his hand to a Muslim he faced death or amputation (Ye’or p 103)
*Cursing a Muslim is punished by death
Ye’or p 97 notes an 18th century fatwa forbidding even a raised voice in the presence of a Muslim plus demands that dhimmis be punished and rendered to a state of degradation and abasement.
A progressive young Turk, writing in a Parisian Muslim review 1912 stated:
“The Musulman religion is in open hostility to all your world of progress’......A Christian ...as a blind man.....to speak to him would be a humiliation for our intelligence.......contact with them is a defilement of our bodies, any relation with them a torture to our souls, though detesting you...”
2) Abuse in greeting
*They are not greeted with “as-salamu ‘alaykum” (Reliance law 11.5 (3) p 608). Ibn Kathir (d 1373) notes Mohammad’s command to force Jews and Christians into the narrowest ally on the road and not initiate the ‘Salam.’ (Bostom p 129)
3) Muslims Take Dhimmi children: (Infidel women and children were taken freely as booty- Reliance of the Traveller: Shafii law dealing with jihad -o9.13 p 604. “when a child or woman is taken captive, they become slaves by the fact of capture, and the woman’s previous marriage is immediately annulled” ie the Muslim male can have sex with her.)
*A Yemini law decreed that all Jewish orphans or fatherless children (taken from mothers!) ‘revert’ to Islam based on Islamic dogma claiming all children are born Muslim! Any parents or children who attempted to evade this horror of forced removal of children faced violence, torture or ransom. It continued into 1950 when Jews left Yemen for Israel (Bat Ye’or p 65, p 88)
Remember Mohammad had the Jewish poetess Marwan killed and her children taken and brought up Muslim! (Sirat rasul’allah p 675, 676)
*Ottoman Devshirme institution where at least 1 in 5 Christian children were taken from the conquered eastern and central European countries to use as Janissaries (fighters) and forced into Islam (From the 13hundreds until theoretically abolished in 1658). This sick practice aimed to destroy the Christian populations, force conversions of children and parents attempting to avoid this horror and to use Christian children as fighting fodder. Certain despicable writers have attempted to claim this provided a social advantage to such ‘lucky’children when any advantage in being Muslim could readily be obtained by VOLUNTARY conversion to Islam---these people did NOT want to convert!
Severe punishment ensued if Greek, Serbian, Bulgarian, Albanian, and Armenian fathers (often aristocrats) and orthodox priests did not bring their sons.
*Ottoman ichoghlani system where younger children aged 6-10 were taken to the sultans’ residences and subjected to exacting discipline and forced to perform arduous tasks for 14 years. This continued into the 18th century. (Bat Ye’or p 60). A similar process occurred in Persia with Christian ‘slaves.’
*children were also taken for harems and slavery. Children were taken in lieu of jizya.
Such workforces, constantly fed by further raids, (including from Africa and piracy), maintained Islamic domination and enhanced Islamization. Children didn’t know who they were or where they came from and had no ties or power and hence were incapable of any rebellion.
4) Restricted clothing, signs on homes
*They (non-Muslim subjects) must wear clothes that distinguish them from Muslims, wearing a wide cloth belt. (Reliance of the Traveller; Shafii law o11.5 (2) p 608)
Law t3.7 p 804 states ‘Be honest in your clothes and dress. It is an outrage to allah to appear to his servants in the guise of the righteous while secretly contradicting it with the works of the wicked.
The Qadi, Ahmad b. Talib (9th century) compelled the dhimmis to wear upon their shoulder a patch of white cloth that bore the image of an ape (for Jews) and a pig (for Christians) and to nail onto their doors a board bearing the sign of a monkey (Al-Maliki 11th C Tunisian historian)
Many dhimmis had to hang a lead seal, (Bat Ye’or p 68, Bostom p 30 ) or other identifying object around their neck.
Many laws/ordinances detailing the types of clothing are given in Ye’or pp91-96 with severe penalties for anyone who didn’t comply eg beating, beheading. Clothing regulations listed the colour, style and type of cloth (coarse), the colour and type of hat and the type of footwear ( none, rough sandals...) and a 16th century dictate demanded hanging for any who made hats like the Jews. (Ye’or p 94). There were few places in space and time where such regulations didn’t exist. Such regulations existed into the 19th-20th century in many areas. (eg Bat Ye’or p 96). European travellers were frequently shocked by the discriminatory clothing and the associated abuse of the wearer plus other forms of abuse of dhimmis. Hindus were also forced into discriminatory clothing. (Bostom P 34)
In Yemen Jews were forced to wear distinctive clothing until 1950 when they emigrated to Israel.
Others, including non-Muslims, have followed this practise eg Hitler and some medieval Christian groups. The Taliban attempted to make Hindus wear ‘marked’ clothing.
Conversely of course Muslims couldn’t wear the clothes of non-Muslims eg Hadiths: Muslim book 24 nos. 5173, 5174 and Abu Dawud book 32 No. 4067; Shahid in Spencer p 70.
Bat Ye’or, Bostom, Spencer, Sookdheo, Karsh (p26) and others have detailed the endless, pervasive verbal and physical and legal abuse of dhimmis of all religions eg Zoroastrians (Bostom p 36-37).
6) Ideas of equality viciously put down:
Within the Balkans and later Anatolia itself, attempted emancipation of the dhimmi peoples provoked violent, bloody responses against those ‘infidels’ daring to claim equality with local Muslims.. The massacres of the Bulgarians (1876)...Armenians (1894-1896)....frank jihad genocide against Armenians during world War 1 (Bostom p 75).
In 1840-1860, Christians in Lebanon/Syria who ‘rose above their station’ and Christian peasants who were sick of servitude felt the combined wrath of Druze, Muslim Turks (Ottomans) and Sunni and Shiite groups resulting in the massacre of 7000-11000, some say over 20,000 with the destruction of over 300 villages, hundreds of churches and monasteries with rape, pillage, enslavement and ‘refugee’ status for over 100,000. Witnesses write of the “systematic cruelty, ‘ unparalleled barbarity,’ and ‘blood rose to the ankles...and gurgled through streets” (read the detailed story at THIS SITE).
The list of massacres is endless and added to daily as others continue to be obliterated from areas under Islamic control.
7) Only inferior means of travel allowed
*They (dhimmis) must keep to the side of the street (Reliance law 11.5 (4) p 608). “they (Jews) had to draw aside to the left, their bodies humbly bent over, on pain of being harshly beaten” (quoted in Bat Ye’or p 96). Dhimmis must pass Muslims on the left or impure side! Abuse, stone throwing, hitting, and hindering the dhimmis path are all allowed.
*Dhimmis cannot ride horses as this would elevate them above Muslims – in some cases camels and even donkeys were forbidden (Bat Ye’or p 96, Karsh p26) Only pack saddles with wood stirrups could be used and dhimmis had to sit with both legs on one side only and dismount when a Muslim approached and often could not ride in the town.
Bat Ye’or reports an 18th century decree that forbids travelling by horse or a boat with 3 oars –and also demands special dress as a religious and political necessity to enforce an attitude of humility and abjection in dhimmis (p95). The same conditions reappear in ALL legal texts concerning the dhimmis (Ye’or P 97)
The prohibition on dhimmis riding horses remained in force for Jews into the 20th century in Morocco, Libya, Iraq, Persia, Yemen. (Ye’or p 98).
*Dhimmis must vacate their seat for a Muslim. (Karsh p 26)
8) Limitations on building
*They must not build higher or as high as the Muslims buildings, though if they acquire a tall house is not razed (Reliance of the Traveller, Shafii law 11.5 (5) p 608). Dhimmi houses must be smaller and lower than Muslim homes. Bat Ye’or also notes that dhimmi homes were often restricted to certain areas, humble in appearance, dark coloured, (Ye’or p 101)
Limitations on religious freedom
9) Dhimmis must hide any evidence of their religion:
*They are forbidden to openly display wine or pork (A: to ring church bells or display crosses) recite the torah or evangel aloud, or make public display of their funerals and feastdays; (Reliance of the Traveller; Shafi law 11.5 (6) p 608)
*They are forbidden to build new churches (Reliance of the Traveller; Shafii law 11.5 (7) p 608) and often to repair old ones. (likewise in the Hedaya vol 11 – Hanafi law –see Short, notes section )
Generally only churches built before Islam’s takeover can be repaired (though not extended) if the people surrender and keeping their churches is included in the peace agreement, but not if taken by force when all non-Muslim religious buildings can be destroyed.
Bat Ye’or notes the massive destruction of magnificent basilicas and innumerable monasteries from Andulasia to Iraq in the 8th -10th century alone p82, 83 long before the crusades and at a time we are told is Islam’s ‘golden age’ of tolerance and development! In some areas Jews were completely wiped out and in a few areas flourished around their constantly threatened synagogues. The few areas of ‘tolerance’ are the ones we hear about while the huge areas of complete destruction are ignored. Bat Ye’or p 83 writes:
“It would be impossible to list all the places of Jewish and particularly Christian worship which were Islamized and banned to their former owners”
In Palestine today, Christian churches are defiled, graves violated (including exhumations and mutilations) and followers attacked (Ye’or p236-237)
The Holy Trinity Cathedral in Djakovica (Kosovo) was destroyed by Albanian secessionist terrorists after World War II and rebuilt in 1998 using precious mosaics. After NATO's arrival in June, 1999, the church was vandalized and set on fire by secessionist terrorists, now known as the KLA, who marched into Kosovo alongside NATO forces. The mosaics were smashed to bits. Soon thereafter (on July 24-25, 1999) the Cathedral was blown up.
*Crosses etc cannot be displayed on churches or homes (Shahid P63)
*It is forbidden from hindering a fellow dhimmi from converting to Islam (OK to become Muslim but deadly the other way!) (Shahis p 64)
*On pain of death, dhimmis cannot proselytise to Muslims.
No dignity even in death:
*Dhimmis are forbidden from loud or obvious displays when burying dead. Cemeteries can be plundered even today. Only Muslim souls should be granted peace and even condolences differ for Dhimmis compared to Muslims (Bat Ye’or p87)
10) Limitations on residence and entry;
*Infidels cannot reside in the area or towns around Mecca, Medina and Yamama for more than 3 days (when the caliph allows them to enter there for something they need). (Reliance of the Traveller; Shafii law 11.6 p 608). Supposedly under Umar in 640, all Jews and Christians were expelled from the Arabian Peninsular to make it entirely Islamic.
*A non-Muslim may not enter the Meccan sacred precinct under any circumstances, or enter a mosque without permission. (Reliance of the Traveller; Shafii law 11.7 p 608-9)
Often entry to towns was prohibited. People who ignored restrictions risked loss of property and death (Ye’or p 101). Even within towns certain areas were often off limits to dhimmis.
Dhimmi enclaves could lack lighting and rubbish collection (Yemen Ye’Or p 103).
11) Limitation on marriage; Child custody:
*Muslim men can marry Jewish or Christian women but their children are Muslim. A Muslim woman is forbidden from marrying a non-Muslim (Reliance of the Traveller law m6.7 (5) p529; Shahid in Spencer p65 ).
*If a husband is a dhimmi and the wife converts to Islam, she must get a divorce and she gets custody of the children (see law above and Reliance of the Traveller; Shafii law m13.3 (c) p 552 custody to a Muslim; Shahid ibid.)
*A Muslim husband has the right to restrict his wife to the home –this can be used to stop dhimmi wives from attending their religious sites (Reliance of the Traveller; Shafii law m10.4 p 538; Shahid ibid)
12) Rape of dhimmi women by Muslims
If a Christian rapes a Muslim woman he is to be killed immediately by any Muslim.
But a Muslim cannot be executed on account of a non-believer ( see notes in The Jizyah Tax:Equality And Dignity Under Islamic Law? Walter Short - notes repeated in Spencer p82)
13) Forbidden from joining the army:
*Dhimmis cannot join the army unless there is an indispensible need for them - they cannot assume leadership roles but are considered mercaneries (Shahid in Spencer p63)
I wish Muslims were forbidden from joining our military, police etc as both our soldiers and non-Muslim citizens would be much safer!
Yes, obviously ‘converting’ to Islam would save you from this inhumane treatment but Islam itself is a totalitarian system that controls all aspects of an individual’s life.
Violation of the dhimma ‘pact’ and consequences:
*If the dhimmis break any of the rules of Islam or fail to pay the poll tax then their ‘agreement with the state’ has been violated (Reliance of the traveller; Shafii law 11.9 p609).
Many things may be regarded as ‘violating the agreement eg
*Committing adultery or simply marrying a Muslim woman (Reliance of the Traveller -law 11.10 (1) p 609)
*Concealing spies of hostile forces (Reliance of the Traveller- law 11.10 (2) p 609). In fact Dhimmis had to be hostile to European Christians etc as any apparent association could result in bloody reprisals (Ye’or p 58)
*Leading a Muslim away from Islam. (Reliance of the Traveller - law 11.10 (3) p 609). As we know, an apostate from Islam also looses their life-- “The punishment by death in the case of apostasy has been unanimously agreed upon by all four schools of Islamic jurisprudence” (AbdurRahman I Doi, ‘Sharia: the Islamic Law,’ London 1984, cited in Spencer p 64)
*Killing a Muslim (Reliance of the Traveller - law 11.10 (4) p 609)
*Mentions something impermissible about allah, the prophet or Islam. (Reliance of the Traveller - law 11.10 (5) p 609) Blasphemy laws are used to great effect in the Islamic world eg Pakistan to destroy others and are also in use in Australia where the Victorian ReligiousVilification laws TODAY are used to gag any criticism of Islam---pure sharia, pure dhimmitude!
*even Christening your children was considered a violation of the covenant resulting in a loss of ‘protection’ from jihad ( Sookhdeo Global jihad, Muslim quote p242)
The pact of Umar where the Jews supposedly signed a pact despite being unable to read or write Arabic, states:
“these are the conditions that we set against ourselves and followers of our religion in return from safety and protection . If we break any of these promises that we set for your benefit against ourselves, then our dhimmah (promise of protection) is broken and you are allowed to do with us what you are allowed of people of defiance and rebellion”Ibn quadama (12th century Muslim jurist): A protected person who violates his protection agreement, whether by refusing to pay the tribute (jizya) or to submit to the laws of the community ...makes his person and his goods ‘licit’ ie halal or fair game to be killed, captured or stolen by Muslims.
And when your agreement has been violated, the caliph (or ruler) may decide between death, slavery, release or ransom –death is avoided by conversion! (Reliance of the Traveller - law 11.11 p 609, law o9.14 p604)
Shiite text: Al-Muhaqiq al-Hilli (1206-1277) well known ‘twelver’ shia scholar in his authoritative work on Imami law (The laws of Islam in matters of the Permitted and forbidden) defines the enemies against whom it is obligatory to fight as
1) rebels who fight against the imam
2. Dhimma (Jews, Christians, other people of the book who breach the provisions of their pact with the Muslims)
3. all other kinds of infidels and non-believers (Sookhdeo Global Jihad p79)
Violate your pact and expect death, a massacre of your tribe, enslavement and rape, looting, destruction, and expulsion from your land. Bat Ye’or notes the revolts and the consequences including the almost constant, endless rebellions and slaughters in Spain (Gee, wasn’t it all huggy, kissy and lovely?); the destruction of Christianity in Africa, the Maghreb, and Yemen; the destruction of Palestinian villages, crops, and plantations and the massacres, enslavement and torture of people (indigenous Jews/Christians) according to Arabic, Jewish, Coptic, Syriac and Latin sources, first by Arabs, then by Turks (Bat Ye’or p 62, 63, 64).
The ‘scorched earth’ policies, slaughter and slavery are used today in Africa against non-Muslims (and against black Muslims by Arab ones). Churches burn in Iraq and Christians are killed. Hindus are attacked in Bangladesh, Kashmir and India, Buddhists in Thailand.....westerners anywhere possible...
Yes, there’s more but if you have read the great books by Bostom, Ye’or and others or just viewed the summary in the articles on dhimmitude so far, then you know the horror coming if we allow Islam/Muslims to gain control.
Look at the Maldives where all are forced to be Muslim and any who deviate are punished by the state and lose everything including citizenship. Look at Malaysia where all Malays are forced to be Muslim, conversion out of Islam is forbidden and others viciously discriminated against yet both these countries are called ‘modern democracies’ by dhimmi imbeciles in the west!
The vile attitudes, practices and laws of Islam towards others is reflected everywhere Muslims go. As their numbers rise, Muslims increasingly demand that their supremacist, religious apartheid system be put into operation. The devastating effect of Islam begins with the first Muslim/dhimmi collusion –and there’s plenty of that everywhere!
- Have a peep at the dhimmi victims gallery to see what dhimmitude looks like TODAY. Dhimmi Victims Gallery
1) Al-Misri, Ahmad ibn Naqib; Reliance of the Traveler: A classic manual of Islamic sacred law. In Arabic with facing English Text, commentary and appendices edited and translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller amana publications Maryland USA 1994
2) Bostom, Andrew (edit) The legacy of Jihad. Islamic holy war and the fate of the Non-Muslims.’ Prometheus
books New York. 2005
3) Karsh, Efraim. Islamic Imperialism: A history. Yale University Press. 2006.
4) Shahid, Samuel. Rights of non-Muslims in an Islamic State. Chapter 2, P59-72 in Spencer, Robert (edit). The Myth of Islamic Tolerance. Prometheus Books, New York. 2005
5) Short, Walter. The Jizyah Tax:Equality And Dignity Under Islamic Law? notes This article is repeated in Spencer, Robert (edit) The Myth of Islamic Tolerance, Ch3 p73-89. Prometheus Books, New York. 2005
6) Sirat Rusulallah by Ibn Ishaq Translated by A. Guillaume. Fifteenth Impression, 2001 Published by Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan. ).
7) Sookdheo, Patrick. ‘Global jihad: The future in the face of militant Islam.’ Isaac Publishing USA. 2007
8) Spencer, Robert (edit) ‘The Myth of Islamic Tolerance: How Islamic Law treats non-Muslims.’ Prometheus Books, New York. 2005
9) Ye’or, Bat. ‘Islam and dhimmitude: Where civilisations collide.’ Madison. Teaneck fairleigh Dickinson University Press. 2002. Third Printing 2005.
10) Ye’or, Bat. Lecture 10 October 2002 Brown University. Dhimmitude Past and Present : An Invented or Real History? http://www.dhimmitude.org/archive/by_lecture_10oct2002.htm
The Koran - internet version of three English translations and hadith can be read HERE & HERE