Once Islam began to gain control in SE Asia, (13-14th century on) the slave trade expanded particularly via the jihad expeditions of the Malaccan and other ‘sultanates’ against non-Muslims. Islam’s slaves were transported to and from SE Asia as their African, Indian and SE Asian slave trades were linked.
In SE Asia under Muslim rule, slaves were engaged in “almost every conceivable function” “Many members of the slave owning merchant class had strong roots in the Islamic world which had a clear body of law on slaves as property.” (A Reid cited in Khan p 299; p 143)
After Muslims came to power in the early 15th century, animist hill peoples eventually disappeared due to their enslavement and ‘incorporation’ into the Muslim population of Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java via raids, tribute and purchase, especially of children. Java was the largest exporter of slaves around 1500. Slaves were captured in decisive wars of Islamization. (Khan p 286, p 143). Islamic jihad, slavery and people trafficking continue today.
Entry of Islam:
Muslims bombed the remains of the wondrous ancient Borobudur Buddhist temple in Central Java (Indonesia) in January 1985 (Khan p 169).
Muslims possibly entered the area from Gujarat India to Indonesia. There are few signs of Islam with an epitaph for a non-native Muslim woman from 11-12 century in Leran (if not a later import), a tombstone in Arabic in Sumadra to Sultan Malik et Saleh (Malik as-salih) who died in 1297 and a Malay inscription in Arabic characters of 1303 or 1387 in Trenggenu (between Malacca and Thailand) (Widjojoatmodjo, 1942; Enc. Brit. V9 p 482). Note the imposition of ARABIC. The actual evidence of Islam’s arrival is thin but they probably entered via ports in Aceh (Sumatra).
Attempts are made to sell the line that Islam spread in India and SE Asia thanks to traders (yes, there were some Arab Muslim enclaves –but not significant conversions) and those singing and dancing sufis despite the real evidence of violent jihad, mass enslavement, extortion, plunder, dhimmitude and forced conversion from the writings of Muslims themselves and others. The sudden ‘conversion’ of the normally resistant population coincides with Islamic violence, jihad, slavery and extortion. There is no evidence of organised Muslim missionary activity from the 14-19th century (Khan p 145). The jihad continues today. Remember from the 13-16th century when Islam developed its power in SE Asia, it was flooding through India, Asia Minor, parts of Europe, and Africa running an enormous slave trade and violent jihad campaigns. Violent jihardi sufis were heavily involved eg in India and these (slave) ‘traders’, jihadi sufis, jihad warriors and Islamic pirates flowed on to SE Asia (see other articles in this series).
Large Muslim armies from elsewhere aren’t required. All that is needed is an Islamic enclave and the conversion of a local leader who takes on the role of jihad warrior to force Islam onto others. Muslim warriors from the worldwide umma travel to any battle to destroy the infidel.
In the 13th-15th century, pre-Islam’s spread there were 3 powerful kingdoms -1) Srivijaya (Malaysia); 2) Majapahit (Indonesian archipelago); 3) Siam (Thailand). Hinduism, Buddhism, and Animism were practised. (Khan p 135).
Setting up Islamic centres/enclaves occupied by ‘foreigners’ eg Muslim Arabs, Turks, Persians and Mughals.
From the 10th to 12th century Muslims appeared in the Sumatran trading ports in Hindu Shrivijaya. Islamic traders from India settled in Malacca and areas in Aceh, northern Sumatra (eg end of 13th century). Men married local women building ‘Muslim’ communities. There doesn’t seem to be evidence of conversion of the tolerant surrounding community but as the Muslim ‘kingdoms’ formed, the brutal jihad against surrounding infidels occurred. In the 1290’s, only 2 small Muslim city-kingdoms were established in Northern Sumatra –Sumadra-Pasai and Perlak. Pasai’s political and economic fame depended almost entirely on foreign Muslims (Enc. Brit V9 p 482).
Venetian Marco Polo returning from China in 1292, stopped in Sumatra and noted Perlak was Muslim but nearby towns were not. (Wikipedia re Aceh)
Moroccan traveller Ibn Battutah (Battuta, Batoutah) heading to China, visited Samudra (Aceh area Sumatra) in 1345-6 and noted that its ruler was a Mohammadean who ‘performed his religious duties with the utmost zeal. He belonged to the madhab of imam Shafi.’ Many customs reminded him of those seen in India (Widjojoatmodjo 1942 citing from ‘The voyages of Ibn Batoutah’ published in 1874-79 in Paris; Khan p 140; Wikipedia re Aceh).
Shafi laws practised in southern India and SE Asia give mandatory death or conversion to polytheists. Shafi’i and Hanbali laws allow 4 months for the infidels to convert (Based on Koran sura 9.2 which gives the Mushrikun [polytheists, pagans, idolators, disbelievers]...4 months free travel ‘but know that you cannot escape [from the punishment] of allah’..). Hanafi laws practised in other parts of India can allow ‘dhimmi’ status (hardly a welcome situation!).
Ibn Buttutah noted that the reigning Sultan al-Malik az-Zahir was a ‘most illustrious and open-handed ruler’ because
“He was constantly engaged in warring for the faith (jihad against the infidels) and in raiding expeditions....his subjects also take a pleasure in warring for the faith and voluntarily accompany him on his expedition. They have the upper hand over all the infidels in their vicinity, who pay them poll tax to secure peace.”(Khan p 136)
Slaves and plunder are taken in raids and jihad. Ibn Battutah shows that once Muslims had political power, brutal jihad followed in accordance with Shafi law offering death or Islam to idolaters/pagans eg Hindus, Buddhists, animists –this is when significant ‘conversions’ occur!! This remains the case today. Ibn Battutah’s observations of Islamic sadism against Hindus (eg impaling men and slaughtering women and children in India) and his descriptions of the depopulation, destruction, economic and social ruin along with mass enslavement and sexual abuse in Asia Minor under Muslim Turks (Bostom 2005 p 644, p 468) have been quoted in earlier articles in Islam’s genocidal slavery.
By the end of the 14th century, Islam controlled isolated pockets, particularly ports eg Sumatra, north coast of Java but had little penetration to the interior. King Parameswara of Srivijaya who became the ruler of Malacca (Malaysia) in 1410, apparently converted to Islam leading to Islam’s spread via conquest over a century while Malacca became the centre of Islam in SE Asia (Khan p 139).
Parameswara ruled from Palembang (Sumatra) but the Srivijaya kingdom was in decline. Following battles with the other kingdoms (Majapahit, Siam), Parameswara moved first to Temasek Island (Singapore) then to Muar and finally Malacca (Malaysia) in 1402. Malacca contained Muslims trading with India who entered Parameswara’s court and army. More Muslim soldiers were offered if he converted and he was supposedly given a beautiful Muslim slave female of mixed breed (Arab father, Indonesian mother) who became pregnant in his harem. At first he refused conversion, but, under attack and without an heir he needed to marry the Muslim female (who can only marry a Muslim) and he needed fighters and trade links so he converted in 1410 becoming Sultan Iskandar Shah! (Khan p 136)
According to Wikipaedia re Parameswara (1344-1414) the conversion to Islam was unclear yet they note his name change to Iskandar Shah and that he founded the Malacca sultanate around 1402! Some claim he became Muslim when he married a ‘princess’ of Pasai (a Muslim city-kingdom in Sumatra)
Ma Haun, a Chinese Muslim, visited Sultan Isklandar Shah (Mohammad Sekander Shah) in 1414 as a Secretary Dragonman of an envoy of Chinese emperor Yung Lo. He found the sultan and the people were already Muslims and ‘very strict believers in the faith’ (Widjojoatmodgo 1942; Khan p 137). Sultan Iskandar Shah (Parameswara) [and his descendents] cultivated China as it gave him protection from Siam and Majapahit.
Ma Haun noted in Java ‘foreign Muslim colonies’ while the natives were Hindu –Javanese. Javanese who went to Malacca became Muslim and returned to Java forming Muslim families, gaining a Muslim ruler and becoming a Muslim state involved in jihad (Islamic apartheid)(Widjojoatmodgo 1942).
Following Iskandar Shah’s death in 1414, his son ruled Malacca (1414-1424) as Raja Sri Rama Vikrama, Raja of Parameswara of Temasik and Melaka and to his Muslim subjects as Sultan Sri Iskandar Zulkarnain Shah or Sultan Megat Iskandar Shah. (Wikipedia re Parameswara ).
Malays refer to the 3rd Malaccan ruler as Raja Tengah (or Radin Tengah) but according to the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals), he embraced Islam and took the title Muhammad Shah and may have married a Tamil Muslim. On his death, he was succeeded by Raja Ibrahim who adopted the traditional Hindu title Sri Parameswara Dewa Shah. As a result, Raja Ibrahim ruled for less than seventeen months and was stabbed to death. His elder half-brother, Raja Kasim, by a Tamil Muslim mother, assumed the throne and took the Islamic title Sultan Mudzafar Shah. This signalled a new ‘golden era’ for the Melaka/Malacca Sultanate (Wikipedia re Parameswara).
As we know, what’s ‘golden’ for Islam is death, destruction, slavery, repression and extortion for non-Muslims. Malacca was a powerful, major trade settlement on the path between China, India, Europe, Africa and the middle-east. Trade power, military power and the drive to spread Islam worked together.
In 1459, Sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca sent Tun Perak to conquer Kedah (NW Malaysia near Thailand) and Pahang (central-east Malaysia). Pahang became an Islamic sultanate under Malacca (Wikipedia re Parameswara). Islam via the sword!
The Hindu kingdom of Srivijaya became the Muslim sultanate of Malacca where hereditary sultans are the protectors of Islam and practised jihad (which includes slavery), not assimilation into the wider culture. The small scale jihad in Samudra became a large scale jihad against neighbouring kingdoms waged under the Malacca Sultanate. Under the religious zeal of the army to become ghazi (fighters for allah) or martyrs, the kingdom became ‘powerful.’ Eventually the sultanate encompassed much of today’s Malaysian Peninsula, Singapore and regions of eastern Sumatra and Borneo. Borneo later became an independent sultanate (Khan p 136) . The Malay princes of Malacca were zealous on behalf of Islam, installing Muslim vassals on Sumatra’s east coast in the 15th century (Enc. Brit. V9 p 482).
For some time Malacca was the centre of SE Asian Islam comprising Malaysia, Aceh, Riau, Palembang and Sulawesi. (Khan 136). Slaves were plentiful.
Hwang Chung, a Chinese traveller reported in 1537 that the people of Melaka/Malacca (coastal Malaysia) “say it is better to have slaves than to have land, because largely slaves are a protection to their masters.” (Khan p 143)
Portuguese author Joao de Barros wrote in 1563 re the Malays ‘all their work is done by slaves”(Khan p 143)
Muslim-Portuguese conflict in India prompted an attack by Sultan Mahmud Shah (Malacca) on the Portuguese fleet which fled in 1509. In 1511, a Portuguese fleet from Cochin (India) under Viceroy Alfonso d’Albuquerque went to Malacca and after 40 days of fighting, Malacca fell to the Portuguese (August 24th) and Sultan Mahmud Shah fled transferring his ‘capital’ to Jahore (Johor –south Malaysia). Fighting continued over decades between the Portuguese and Muslims.
In the 15th /16th century the Malapahit kingdom (Indonesian Archipelago) declined due to internal strife, denial of commerce, and attacks by Muslim Malacca. Siam weakened (Enc. Brit. V9 p 482; Khan p 137). Following the Portuguese occupation of Malacca in 1511, many Muslim traders shifted their trade to Banda Aceh, (Sumatra) increasing its wealth and power.
In Sumatra, the Portuguese Tome Pires noted in his early sixteenth century book Suma Oriental that most of the kings of Sumatra from Aceh through to Palembang, including the port at Pasai (North Aceh Regency) were Muslim and attributed this to the cunning of Muslim merchants. The Aceh sultanate (today’s Banda Aceh) formed in the 15th century, exceeded Pasai in the 16th and at its peak expanded its territory and political influence to Satun in southern Thailand, Johor in the Malay Peninsula and Siak in Riau, Sumatra. Neither Pasai nor Aceh could impose Islam on the Batak highlanders of the interior (still under attack today).
Pires also noted the “obscure ethnic origins” of founders of ‘Muslim’ ports in north Java.
Distinct Islamic ports developed to trade with the Muslim world and some may have ‘converted’ to facilitate such trade. (Enc. Brit v 9 p 482; Wikipedia re Aceh).
‘The militant mood of coastal Islam may be seen in the enforced imposition of the new faith on western Java and also on Palembang in southern Sumatra.” (Enc. Brit. V9 p 483).
Fierce battles ensued between people of the inland areas and Muslim ‘princes’ in the 16th-17th century. The ‘progress’ of Islam brought material gain to Muslims and trade with the middle-east etc continued. The Portuguese were mainly private traders. (Enc. Brit. V9 p 483).
Muslim warriors overran Java (16th century) and the Majapahit kingdom ceased. Territory was taken in southern Thailand. Muslim invaders failed to storm the Thai capital of Ayuthaya and overrun Siam/Thailand because the mercantile Portuguese fleets arrived in the naval route to the Malacca strait. (Khan p 137). European traders attempted to bypass Muslims and trade directly for pepper and other spices.
Sultan Iskandar Muda (r 1607-36) of Aceh (Sumatra, Indonesia) brought thousands of slaves to his capital from conquests in Malaya.(Khan p 286). In 1618-1624, Malaya lost most of its population as a result of campaigns by the Muslim ruler of Aceh (Prof Anthony Reid cited in Khan p 142). Under the ruthless and showy Sultan Iskandar Muda, Aceh ‘influence’ existed over Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula (Wikipedia re Aceh). Aceh allied with the Ottoman’s (Enc. Brit. V 9 p 482). Ongoing battles with the Portuguese reduced Aceh’s power particularly after the destruction of Aceh’s fleet in 1629.
Evidence shows that conversion to Islam resulted from fear, violence, enslavement, degradation, and exploitation and Islam’s political, military and economic control. Unsupported legends and beliefs of ‘saintly’/Sufi or peaceful conversion aren’t evidence and Syed Naguib al-Attas who makes such assertions admits “There may not be direct evidence to support this theory” !!!!(Khan p 139).
Dutch General Cohen 1615 noted that people said “the Pangeran of Banten (Java) fears no Portuguese, Spanish, Hollanders or Englishmen, but only the (Muslim king of) Mataram (Lombok Island). From the latter, ..no one can flee...” (Khan p 145)
Sultan Agung of Mataram (Lombok Island Indonesia), a ‘great Muslim monarch of SE Asia’ besieged Surabaya (Java) and nearby towns with 80,000 troops for 5 years (1620-25) –devastating rice crops causing famine, poisoning the water and stopping it flowing into the city by damming up river. Only 500 of the 50,000-60,000 inhabitants remained- the rest died or left (Reid cited in Khan p 142).
Enslavement by Muslims often removed the ENTIRE population. Eg Thomas Ivye reported in 1634 that an English party looked in vain for 2 days for the once thriving Sumatran town of Inderagiri to buy pepper. No trace of the town was found. The entire population had been carried away by an Acehnese Muslim invasion 6 years earlier to a place 3 days journey up river. The enslaved people had been originally Hindu, Buddhist, Animist –but were now probably forced into Islam as occurred with Islam’s slaves (Khan p 144, 285,).
Hikayat Banjar, the mid 17th century chronicle of Banjarmasin (Indonesia) records ‘The Islamization of Banjarmasin (South coast of Borneo) was effectively determined when opposing claimants to the throne decided on single combat to avoid civil war’.....when they won, mass conversion to Islam was a compulsion, not a choice! Conversion by arms—(MC Ricklefs in Khan p 142)
The Portuguese arriving in Islamic SE Asia found it hard to hire men to work for wages because almost all the people belonged to slave masters. The Arabs were prominent among the masters (Khan p 142, 285). Persian chronicler Muhammad ibn Ibrahim wrote in 1688 of the Portuguese need to rent slaves- “It is their custom to rent slaves. They pay the slave a sum of money, which he gives to his master, and then they use the slave for that day for whatever work they wish”(Khan p 143)
Small sultanates eg Sulu (Islands between Malaysia/Borneo and Philippines), Buton, Tidore (Islands near Sulawesi) profited from slave trading. They raided eastern Indonesia, and the Philippines and sold human victims in the cities or to 17th century pepper estates in southern Borneo (Malaysia/Indonesia today). (Khan p 143-44) Some 2.3 MILLION non-Muslim Filipinos were enslaved by Sulu/Moro Muslims between 1665-1870 (Khan p 286)
A 17th century, alliance between Siam, the Portuguese and Dutch countered the Muslim threat against Siam. Dutch influence and ‘control’ spread gradually from the 17th century taking Malacca from the Portuguese, and developing a growing influence in Java and Sumatra mainly in the 19th century (Enc. Brit v 9 p 484)
Yes, the Dutch, Portuguese and British did buy and transport slaves. In the 17and 18th century the Dutch bought and transported slaves for service in colonial offices and homes of officials and on plantations. The numbers of slaves is tiny compared to the Islamic slave trade. The Dutch bought mainly males and have no institution of jihad to force religious conversion or enslavement onto others, nor did they run harems filled with small boys and girls and breeding women as Muslims did.
Arriving in the Indian Ocean in the late sixteenth century, the Dutch took over and interacted with preexisting systems of slavery and dependency. Indigenous sources in the Indian Ocean prescribing the "peculiar institution" originated from three major traditions: Hindu, Muslim, and Southeast Asian- which included bits of Islamic law. (Vink 2003).
Hinduism did recognise slavery but does not have ‘jihad’ with its choice between conversion, death or slavery like Islam nor do they have an equivalent of the slave-taking, trading and raping Mohammad. In Islam slaves can be obtained by jihad, raids, tribute, inheritance, purchase and as the progeny of existing slaves. Yes so-called Christians did try to legitimate slavery using Old Testament text eg Genesis 9: 25-27 which refers to Canaan as a ‘servant.’ Jesus was not a slave owner or trader (see part C in series) but money talks and selling one’s self into slavery to avoid starvation etc, or ‘judicial slavery’ or capture in a Just War or inheritance were allowed ---under restrictions. A variety of random arguments were used including Christian humanitarian compassion as slaves were purchased from indigenous traders, and ‘saved’(including saved from starvation) and manumitted.
“To God-fearing Calvinists in patria and overseas, the enslavements of African and Asian peoples did create a serious moral predicament for both opponents and apologists alike. Torn between gain and godliness, or the practical temptations of the "Dutch trading empire" and the principle requirements of the "Empire of Christ," the "peculiar institution" was carefully circumscribed, permissible only "for good and sufficient reasons" and "within natural limits" under certain safeguards punctiliously stated in company ordinances.” “Enslavement of company subjects via debt bondage, however, was prohibited (with little success) in numerous ordinances as "contrary to all divine and Christian laws and unacceptable to the high authorities." (Vink 2003)
In some cases, agreements with locals included the supply of slaves.
In contrast, slavery and the sexual use and violence towards slaves is fully endorsed in Islamic text, laws and the fine example of Mohammad (see Islam’s genocidal slavery parts A, B, D for text, laws and Mohammad’s example this site)
“In 1669, for instance, the Pangeran Dipati of Jambi, a Muslim port city on the east coast of Sumatra, justified the equipping of armed vessels for a slave raid against Ujang Salangh on the Malaysian Peninsula arguing that the inhabitants "were heathens, and hence [the raiding] could not be considered an injustice." At worst, however, these expeditions represented ruthless raiding for helpless human prey and continued on all the boundaries of Islamic communities throughout the Indian Ocean basin"(Vink 2003)
The Dutch involvement was relatively small.
‘In the eighteenth century, for instance, when the volume of the Dutch slave trade was substantially larger than in the seventeenth century, slaves only accounted for 0.5% of the total value of company trade.’ (Vink 2003)
Dutch slaves included indentured workers, and criminals working out their sentence. ‘Slaves’ were purchased from traders in African, Indian and SE Asian slaves. For most of the 17th century annual slave numbers purchased by the Dutch were in the 10s-100’s with some a few thousand and 1659-61 by far the biggest at 8,000-10,000. Boons in slave numbers coincided with Islamic attacks eg in southern India around 1645,
“According to indigenous informants, more than 150,000 people were taken by the invading Deccani Muslim armies to Bijapur and Golconda” and “Muslim raids created the ‘famine –slave ‘cycle’ – coinciding with the large slave purchase of 1659-61.
Further boons in slaves from India coincided with further Islamic attacks-
“ (In) 1688, caused by a combination of poor harvests and the Mughal (Muslim!) advance into the Karnatak. Reportedly thousands of people from Tanjavur, mostly girls and little boys, were sold into slavery and exported by Asian traders from Nagapattinam to Aceh, Johor, and other slave markets" (Vink 2003)
Warfare and endemic raiding expeditions provided a steady supply of slaves FROM SE Asia.
‘Makassar was the main transit port for slaves from Borneo (Kalimantan), Sulawesi, Buton (Butung), and the northeastern islands, as well as the eastern Tenggara islands (Lombok, Sumbawa, Bima, Manggarai, and Solor).’
The almost 10,000 Indonesian slaves brought to Batavia by Asian vessels between 1653 and 1682, came from South Sulawesi, Bali, Buton, the Tenggara islands, and Maluku (Ambon and Banda).(Vink 2003)
“These groups enslaved each other in low-scale, endemic intercommunal conflict or were enslaved by neighbouring (often Muslim) states, such as the sultanates of Ternate and Tidore in eastern Indonesia; Magindanao on the island of Mindanao; Makassar (Goa) and Bone on Sulawesi; Aceh, Jambi, and Palembang on Sumatra; and Johore on the Malaysian peninsula.” (Vink 2003)
A similar pattern is noted elsewhere eg “Frequent warfare among the major confederations and kingdoms on Madagascar (Sakalava, Tsitambala, and Merina), compounded by the rise of militant Islamic sultanates such as Maselagache on the northwest coast of the island, led to a steady stream of captive humanity throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.”
“On the African mainland, non-Muslim, Bantu-speaking peoples of the interior of east and central Africa fell victim to slave raiding by rival Muslim and Afro-Portuguese coastal networks.” (Vink 2003)
We are told that following the Islamization of Java (16th century) the export of its people halted (Vink 2003) but this ignores fact that once Islam has ‘control’ it still enslaves those who resist but keeps them to work for their Muslim overlords and spreads them about so even the poorest Muslim has slaves. Those who ‘convert’ before they are ‘captured and enslaved’ theoretically can’t be enslaved. This occurred in India where slavery continued though fewer were exported once Islam had complete control. Slaves were used to perform every function (including sex) for their Muslim owners.
The Dutch concentrated their relatively small number of slaves around a small number of central places in areas where they exercised political authority. Slaves performed a wide range of jobs with women in domestic work.
Slaves were purchased over a period because slaves and others died of disease, natural disasters, or escaped or were manumitted/freed. Slave holdings (numbers) in Dutch areas were small and efforts were made to ensure adequate food so there was little ‘trouble.’ (Vink 2003 -While this author wants to ‘unsilence’ the colonial slave trade, people are more than happy to keep the much greater Islamic slave trade and jihad completely silent)
In the 18th century Siam counter attacked and recovered lost territories. It annexed the declining Muslim sultanate of Pattani (Khan p 137). Aceh lost Kedah and Penang (Malay Peninsula) to the British and Pariaman in Sumatra to the Dutch in the 18th century (Wikipedia re Aceh)
In the 18th and early 19th century, anti-slavery movements formed in Britain, Europe and the US. Britain banned slavery in 1807, Europe in 1815 and the US followed. Many, particularly the British fought and even lost their lives in an effort to halt the largely Islamic slave trade. Europeans/west applied pressure to Muslim rulers to stop slavery.
In the 19th century there were treaties between the British and Dutch and battles with Aceh.
In 1811, Java fell to the British East India Company and the governor, T.S. Raffles believed the British administrative and liberal principles could liberate the people. He respected Javanese society and rediscovered the Borobudur, the ruins of the great Buddhist temple. The Dutch returned in the 19th century. The Padri wars (western Sumatra) was a religious struggle between revivalist Islamic leaders in Minangkabau and the adat (customary law) leaders of the community (1820s-1837). The Dutch settled permanently in Indonesia and many policies attempted to improve the economic, living and educational standards of the people and modernise the society –though the area was still ‘exploited.’(Enc. Brit V9 p 483-487)
Despite western efforts, late in the 19th century, enslavement was extensive in the (Muslim) Malay Peninsula and Indonesian Archipelago :
6% of the population in the Perak Sultanate (Malaysia) were slaves in 1879,
1/3 were slaves in the eastern regions of West Sumatra in the 1860s;
30% in the Muslim ruled region of north Sulawesi;
2/3 or more were slaves in parts of north Borneo in the 1880s. (Khan p 144 citing various sources).
In 1906, C. Snouck Hurgronje reported acts of jihad piracy being preformed against both indigenous non-Muslim populations and western traders by Muslim Acehnese in the Indonesian archipelago
“ From Mohammadism (which for centuries she [Aceh] is reputed to have accepted) she really only learnt a large number of dogmas relating to hatred of the infidel without any of their mitigating concomitants; so the Acehnese made a regular business of piracy and man-hunting at the expense of the neighbouring non-Mohammadean countries and islands, and considered that they were justified in any act of treachery or violence to European (and latterly to American) traders who came in search of pepper, the staple product of the country. Complaints of robbery and murder on board ships trading in Acehnese parts thus grew to be chronic. (quoting C. Snouck Hurgronje in Bostom 2005 p 42-43)
In 1916 Hurgronje underscored how jihad and world conquest remained a potent force among Muslim masses 13 centuries post Mohammad.(Bostom p 99)
The Japanese occupied the area in WW2. The Dutch Government transferred authority to the Indonesian State in 1949, amalgamating Aceh with the nearby province of North Sumatra, but the Muslim Acehnese (which contain Muslim Arabs, Turks, and Indians- Wikipedia re Aceh) resented being joined with the mostly Christian Batak people. Rebellions demanding an Islamic state began in 1953. From 1959 on Aceh has been given special status, autonomy and sharia law (2003) which it viciously applies. Following the sunami of 2004 literally millions flowed in relief money to the area and was used to enhance Islam. ‘Freed-up’ money pays Islamic religious police who publicly whip or flog men accused of drinking or gambling and women for any minor breach of Islamic dictates eg-insufficiently hijabed, talking to a male...
“ She is dressed in white robes and veiled. Policemen escort her up on to a stage erected before a jeering crowd, which, witnesses say, is usually almost exclusively male.
Forced to kneel, the woman waits while a masked man ascends the platform. He is carrying a cane with a curved handle designed to give the inflictor of God’s punishment a better grip. From the loudspeakers, a man’s voice sonorously recites the appropriate religious chastisement. Then he begins to count. With each number, the cane descends with a vicious lash.
According to witnesses, male onlookers often roar in delight and hurl pious imprecations at the victims, working themselves up to a pitch of excitement.” (Sheridan 2006)
Aceh is an example for other Indonesia Islamists. 250 million of Australia’s 1 billion in Tsunami relief went to Aceh.
Malaysia gained ‘independence’ from Britain 1957.
Slavery is a fundamental, integral part of the Islamic religion, law and culture and continues in these Muslim nations. Muslims themselves are slaves of Islam, forbidden from leaving.
In the 21st century, Indonesia enslaves it’s own people or sends them as slaves into the Islamic world or they join Muslims living in the west which is unaware of their slave status!
“Indonesia is a major source of women, children, and men trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. To a far lesser extent, it is a destination and transit country for foreign trafficking victims. The greatest threat of trafficking facing Indonesian men and women is that posed by conditions of forced labor and debt bondage in more developed Asian countries – particularly Malaysia, Singapore, and Japan -- and the Middle East, particularly Saudi Arabia, according to IOM data. Indonesia women and girls are also trafficked to Malaysia and Singapore for forced prostitution and throughout Indonesia for both forced prostitution and forced labor.” - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009. ...from (http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Indonesia.htm Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery) which provides a list of articles revealing the hundreds of thousands enslaved and the kidnapping, drugging, corrupt officials and police and routes via Malaysia. Government ‘commitment’ to stop the trafficking is regarded as low. It produces 2004 reports from the US Department of Labor that shows the traffic in children, the use of children in the drugs trade and as soldiers in Islamic paramilitary groups and civilian militias, such as The Free Aceh Movement. Literally millions of children are used in every area including prostitution.
Signing ‘Acts’ on child protection is great for PR and getting masses of western money (USAID, UNICEF, AusAID, World Bank ie we all pay for Islam to continue its horror! ) but that’s about all!
“Hundreds of thousands of Indonesian girls working as domestic maids are being abused and treated as slaves because the government is showing no will to implement the laws it has passed to protect them, the international organisation Human Rights Watch said yesterday.” .... “The International Labour Organisation estimates that at least 688,000 children are working as domestic workers in Indonesia, of whom 640,000 are girls and 275,000 are under 15.” Domestic maids are excluded from the manpower act setting conditions and the government claims they are impossible to police ...and resistance to change is strong. “poverty, the culture, the feudalism and the law itself” is blamed.(HRW 2005)
And of course it all continues in Malaysia: Humans rights organisations have denounced the alleged enslavement and exploitation of thousands of Indonesian children employed on palm plantations in neighbouring Malaysia.
"Both Indonesia and Malaysia have ratified the convention against slavery, and both have not acted, allowing children to be enslaved in a systematic manner," said Arist Merdeka Sirait, secretary general of the Indonesian National Commission on Child Protection (KNPA). Children are forced to work for long hours, in many cases without pay. They are also forced to live in isolated makeshift shacks without running water or electricity. Many of the children have never been to school and have been subjected to violence and sexual abuse (AKI).
Women in the Philippines were also tricked into slavery and sexual abuse in the Islamic world.
East Timorese Christian women were forced into sexual slavery while under Islamic Indonesian occupation from 1975-1999.
Christian girls and women within Indonesia have been enslaved, raped and forcibly married to Muslims in various jihad acts eg Maluku islands1999-2002. (As occurs in Egypt –Coptic girls; Bangladesh-Hindu girls, etc!!)
Philippines: Again the line of peaceful missionary activity to the Mindanao and Sulu islands....again those fun traders and Sufis (remember the violent jihadi Sufis in India parts I, J, K!!!). These areas under Islam became great suppliers of slaves! (see above)
Supposedly Arab trader Makhdum Karim brought Islam to the Sulu Archipelago of the southern Philippines 1380, building a mosque. But there was no large-scale conversion of the largely animist Filipinos until the Malacca Sultanate gained political power in the Malay Peninsula and Indonesian Archipelago. In the 1450’s Shari’ful Hashem syed Abu Bakr, Malaysia’s Arab warrior, sailed with a force from Borneo to the Sulu Islands, founding the sultanate of Sulu in 1457. Jihad from Sulu and the force of political power, patronised by the Borneo sultanate, brought most of Visayas (Central Philippines), half of Luzon (Northern Philippines) and the islands of Mindanao in the south under Muslim control. Incursions by Muslim jihadis spread Islam amongst the terrified animist population. Following the trail of Muslim holy warriors, Islam travelled from Sulu reaching Manila in 1565.
Spanish colonists arrived in the Cebu Islands in 1521 slowly expanding their control and halting Islam. A large section of the animist population of the southern Philippines had been converted to Islam but brutalised by the Muslim warriors offered little resistance to the Spanish. Muslim held islands offered fierce resistance. Native forces joined the Spanish and tried but failed to take these Islands but they limited Islam’s control to Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago, still Islamic and violent today (Khan p 138)
Although the Spanish challenged the Muslim controlled south, the Moro Muslims (Malays in the Philippines) continued slave raids into Spanish occupied territories. The Archbishop of Manila claimed in 1637, Muslims enslaved 10,000 Catholic Filipinos annually in the previous 30 years (Khan p 144). (300,000 from 1600-~1630)
It is estimated that Moro Muslim ‘holy warriors’ enslaved some 2.3 MILLION non-Muslims during the first 2 centuries of Spanish rule in the Philippines beginning 1665-1870 (Khan p 144, 286).
Southern Filipino Muslims brought 200,000-300,000 enslaved people (conservative estimate) to the Sulu Sultanate (Islands between Borneo and Mindanao) between 1770-1870. (Khan p 144). Gradually Spanish and Portuguese naval fleets virtually stopped the Muslim raids.
The 20th and 21st century-jihad, enslavement of non-muslims (people trafficking -see above): European colonisation merely slowed the progress of totalitarian Islam in these countries but it now continues with a vengeance as non-Muslim populations are persecuted, discriminated against, attacked, and murdered in the cause of making ‘all the religion allah’s. Islam’s violence is unending.
Today’s Malaysia is a repressive, authoritarian, intolerant Islamic state heading backwards with state sponsored Islamization. All Malays are forced to be Muslim and denied the basic human right of freedom of belief and conscience-they are enslaved under Islam and sharia. Indigenous Indians are forcibly converted to Islam. Non-Muslims face every form of negative discrimination and violence. Sharia law operates alongside a declining more ‘European’ legal system. Non-Muslims are denied equality in education, employment, government contracts, business, religious practices, government positions, legal practice etc. Violence against others eg non-Muslim Chinese Taoists, Indian Hindus, Sikhs, Christians is common. (see Fleeing Malaysia 15/9/08 and other articles this site).
Importation and sale of the Bible in ‘Malay’ is prohibited as ‘prejudicial to national interest and security’ A non-Muslim cannot object to their children receiving Islamic instruction, the ‘ideology of the state’. (Trifkovic p 217)- ie totalitarian Islam! Malaysia practices racial and religious apartheid. There is no freedom of religion or equality of religions. There is no freedom of speech, equality under the law (ie sharia applied to non-Muslims), homosexual rights or freedom from torture. Non-Muslims live in growing fear of their freedom and rights and the encroachment of sharia; non-Muslims are buried as Muslims; people are imprisoned for anything deemed insulting to Islam etc (the Star 2007, Kendal 2006, 2007, Kuppusamy ). Much of the wealth is generated by non-Muslims but claimed as ‘Islamic success’ and if you want to progress eg in government, you must convert! The government runs deliberate policies to enforce Islam and reduce others to dhimmi status (Kendal 2006). In 2006 when the non-Muslim minority called for the removal of state sponsored apartheid including the privileging of Muslims, the ruling party leaders and activists demanded Muslim privileging be maintained and offered to shed blood to defend it! (Khan p 357)
This is the foul country Rudd described as a ‘vibrant and flourishing democracy’ and announced joint initiatives costing Australian taxpayers as he seeks the Islamic vote here and a UN seat (Murphy 2008, Prakash 2008)!
The British legacy of laws and a constitution, a great basis for government and commerce, and its infrastructure are disappearing.
Malaysia’s Padri rebellion resulted from jihad preaching against the pagan Battak tribes (Bostom 2005 p 100; Bostom 2004).
In Malaysia, privately run religious schools eg Sekolah Agama Rakyat (SAR, school of the people’s religion) are a breeding ground for Muslim terrorists according to Malaysian think-tank, the Malaysian Strategic Research Centre. (Sookdheo p 347)
In the 1980’s Nisan (Mordechai Nisan, Identity and civilization;1999) recounts “religious dress and behaviour swept through Malaysia and Indonesia in ways which threatened, at least intimidated the local Christians” In the 1990’s “Muslims in Malaysia proposed that apostasy from Islam become a criminal offense. In west Java, Muslim rioters set fire to churches”.(cited in Bostom 2005 p 103)
The jihad continues into 2010 with ongoing violence against Christians and Hindus and destruction of temples and churches-any excuse will do!
“The violence has strained relations among Malays, who are mostly Muslim and who make up 60 percent of the population, and the Chinese and Indian minorities, who are Christian, Hindu and Buddhist.”(Mydans 2010)
Reuters (a) 2010-“petrol bombs thrown at convent school and churches across Malaysia attacked.”
Violence continues from Muslims in Thailand: Six Buddhist villagers were ambushed and shot by Muslims in southern Thailand, March 2010. Ten policemen and soldiers were also wounded when a roadside bomb exploded as they were travelling to the scene of the shootings. More than 3,900 people have been killed in six years of unrest as ethnic Malay Muslims fight for ‘autonomy’ from Thailand's Buddhist majority (Reuters [b] 2010, Hinduexistence 2010). Beheadings are common.
Southern Thailand is a remnant of Islamic conquest and imposed sultanates and of course Muslims never live at peace as equals with others in a plural society–they demand total control and subjugation of others or a separate Muslim only apartheid state. Tragically, these vicious, intolerant Muslims don’t realise that the repressive, Arab supremacist ideology, Islam, was forced on them as they were enslaved, conquered and their past obliterated. Today you see these ‘Muslims’ wearing Arab attire, chanting Arab texts...
Violence continues from Muslims in the Philippines: Reported on the 5 April 2010; Muslim separatists waging a bloody insurgency to carve out an independent Muslim state in the southern Philippines are warning of fresh violence after rejecting an offer for limited autonomy from the government. The warning comes 20 months after fighting forced hundreds of thousands to flee their homes on the island of Mindanao triggering a humanitarian crisis as over 750,000 people were displaced. Nearly 400 people have been killed.
After 11months and a ceasefire, over 300,000 people remained in 500-plus evacuation centres on Mindanao, while nearly half a million were staying with relatives or friends (figures July 2009).(IRIN 2010).
Others live in these areas but once again we see the incapability of Muslims to live as equals with others and the devastating effects of Islamic conquest and conversion on the minds of people who forget their far longer pre-Islamic past and recent enslavement under Islam and take on the recently imposed Islamic Arab supremacist hatred of others. Since Islam’s arrival, the violence has been unending.
Indonesia: Again, unending Islamic violence. Since its independence over 1000 churches have been closed or destroyed and attacks continue. A 1915 Ottoman fatwa suggests small armed raiding parties for jihad in Java (Bostom 2005 p 224)
In 1999 Mordechai Nisan noted re the resurgence of aggressive jihad “Indonesian Muslims encouraged by a Sukarno regime fatwa, waged a jihad in 1965 against Indonesian communists, exterminating some 100, 000 to 500,000.” (Bostom 2005 p 100)
Dutch New Guinea-Irian Jaya:
Dutch New Guinea was handed to Indonesia in 1962 and its population terrorised while the west looked the other way due to Suharto’s anticommunist credentials! Dutch New Guinea’s (now Irian Jaya) people had nothing in common with Indonesia—they are Melanesian not Indo-Malays, and are Christian or animist. The villagers pigs and then the villagers were killed—100,000 by 1990. (Trifkovic p 214) The slaughter and forced conversions continue.
East Timor: Indonesia had no valid claim to east Timor and inflicted murderous terror on the scale of Pol Pot on the Christians of east Timor beginning in 1975 while the US (Ford, Clinton) and the West again looked the other way. The US trained the bloody Kopassus (and today Australia helps train the Muslim Indonesian military!!!). East Timor was an Islamic jihad against Christians –just like every other evil caused by Islam’s ‘insatiable appetite for other people’s lands, property, bodies and souls.’
Dili’s bishop Mgr. Coste Lopez stated—“the soldiers who landed started killing everyone they could find. There were many dead bodies in the streets” They were fighting a jihad and whole villages were slaughtered. In Dili, hundreds of Chinese were shot and thrown off the warf into the sea. In Maubara and Luiquica the ENTIRE Chinese populations were wiped out. Nineteen ships were moored in Dili harbour to remove looted cars, radios, furniture, tractors, and anything else they could take. Churches and seminaries were looted, books burnt.
Australian Consul to East Timor, James Dunn, reported that East Timorese refugees were not even safe in west Timor: 2,000 men, women and children had been burned or shot to death in Lamaknan. Prisoners on Atauro island got one small can of corn per week. Punishments for trivial offences eg speaking Portuguese, included beatings, burning, electric shock, water immersion and removal of toenails. Children were massacred in many towns eg Lospalos, Viqueque, Amoro, Sumalai. By Nov, 1976 100,000 were killed. The more educated in particular were eliminated.
By 1989 amnesty International (also Human Rights Watch) estimated that Indonesia had murdered 200,000 East Timorese from a population of 600,000-700,000!!! (Trifkovic p 213-217).
April 29, 2003 - (AP) The Indonesian military systematically forced dozens of East Timorese women to become sex slaves for officers during its 24-year occupation of the half-island, a former governor said Tuesday.
During a two-day hearing on violence against women in the former Indonesian territory, witnesses said rape, torture and murder were part of an organized campaign by the military to intimidate the East Timorese people. The abuse was part of "a systematic and organized effort to crush the mentality of the East Timorese people so they will be easier to control and dominate," And, re crimes against humanity that took place before and after a 1999 pro-independence ballot in which more than 1,000 people were killed: Most of the military officers believed responsible for the brunt of the abuse have been acquitted in proceedings that human rights groups have called a sham (Guilart 2003).
I had a member of the east Timorese Resistance live with me for several days and the stories of Islamic horror to others –the murders, torture, rape, destruction, burning...well haven’t we heard this everywhere Islam goes but that should make us more determined to STOP Islam, yet we aid and protect it!
The Christian and Hindu minorities in Indonesia are under constant attack: –an attempt at religious genocide or cleansing.
Ambon and the Maluku islands: Extreme violence against Christians 1999-2002. On 6/4/2000 some 5,000 Muslims in Jakarta called for jihad against Christians in the Moluccas (Spice Islands). By May, 2,000 Laskar Jihad members (a militant Muslim force) from Java and Sulawesi with Islamic fighters from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the Philippines assembled in the Moluccas, declaring jihad/war (Sookdheo p 144). The Indonesian military fought WITH the militant Muslims. In North Halmahera, 100,000 people fled their homes for the jungles and mountains. Villages were attacked, churches and homes burnt. Christians were killed, mutilated and hacked to death with machetes. 3 children were tied up and dragged to their deaths behind a car. At Duma, Halmahera Island, in one incident alone, 135 people were killed and 300 girls and women 'abducted' (ENSLAVED) --possibly raped on another Island.
In July 2000 the Christian University at Ambon city was destroyed. By September, several islands had been cleansed of all Christians but the attacks continued.
On the 15th November 2000 Jaffar Umar Thalib, Laksar jihad leader, stated “We intend during this Ramadan [which was to start 11 days later] to ...carryout various activities paving the way for full sharia at least in places that have now become exclusively Islam, such as the islands of Ternate, Tidore and Bacan.” (Ye’or p 415) All the Christian inhabitants had been obliterated or fled. (Ramadan is a favourite time for violent jihad following Mohammad’s example of violence at this time)
In his appeal, Dec 19th 2000 to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, the bishop of Amboina, Peter Mandagi, referred to the tragic events in the Moluccas (Spice Islands) since April—“There have been countless acts of savagery, depravedness and criminality, such as torturing, raping women and other sexual abuse, persecution, slaughtering, looting and destroying property.. The criminals, law breakers and human rights violators are roaming about and undertake any mischief at leisure. So what is prevailing now is the law of the jungle, barbarism and savagery....” (Ye’or p 396)
The violence slowed once the Muslims had taken the homes and land of the Christians. (Trifkovic p 213-217). Christian villages had been wiped out and 75% of Ambon itself was ‘cleansed’ of Christians.
Christians on Ceram Island were offered death or Islam. Women were forcibly married to Muslim men. Village elders and leaders were beheaded. Forced conversions occurred on Kesui and Teor Islands. On several islands, males and females were forcibly ‘circumcised’ (females had their clitoris cut out) without painkillers or antiseptic (Ye’or p 415).
By December 2000 there were 487,000 Christian refugees –over 300,000 completely exited the Moluccas and masses of orphaned children. At least 5,000 Christians (later totals reach 8,000-9,000) were killed and 7,000 forcibly converted in 2 years (Ye’or p 416).
**Christina’s story (Murdoch 2001) shows the disbelief of the Christians who couldn’t imagine their Muslim neighbours would attack them....then an uncle simply going to buy cigarette papers was surrounded and attacked with machetes and spears and he died saying don’t take revenge...then false claims against the Christians and fear as people fled as Muslim mobs marched towards them...then their Muslim ‘neighbours’ found them and told them they must convert and come with them for their safety....they were marched into the mosque with threatening mobs outside and asked if they wanted to ‘convert, ’ the option being death by the machete and spear waving, screaming Muslim mob outside. Christina prayed her own prayers, not the Muslim ones. Their bags were searched and Bibles, rosaries and statues of Mary were taken, burnt and smashed.
“There we realised that all that the Muslim representatives had told us was COMPLETE LIES. They had cheated us. They acted as if they cared about our lives, but the truth was they only wanted us to convert to Islam, nothing more!”
The Muslims came to the houses were the Christians were and without anaesthetic or sanitary procedures they used KITCHEN KNIVES to slice the foreskin off men and cut the clitoris out of females from tiny babies to old ladies. Christina describes her horror and pain -
“she looked for the clitoris. After she found it she pulled it out, took the kitchen knife and cut it.”
“My scar healed....but the sad, humiliated feeling stayed until today......I am nolonger ‘complete’ both as a person and as a woman”
Although a ship came to take people off the Island, they were inhibited by Muslims from going. She left her parents and got on the ship. The Muslim told those on the ship their families who were still on the island would surely be killed if they left.**
An Age version of the same story by Murdoch ran the line that forced conversion and clitoridectomy weren’t ‘Islamic’ (Ha, Ha! See articles this site with Mohammad’s and Islamic law’s endorsement of clitoridectomy!). The article did mention that water was poured down a man’s throat to stop him screaming as they sliced off his foreskin and that a Muslim cleric URINATED on his wound. Some 60 men were cut with the same razor.
Some 8,000 were killed.
No this wasn’t an ‘isolated incident,’ but part of an ongoing campaign against non-Muslims right across every part of Indonesia.
On 24th December 2000, 24 bombs exploded outside churches in nine cities and towns across Indonesia including the capital Jakarta as Christians gathered for Christmas Eve services. 18 people were killed and over 120 injured. Another 21 bombs, some sent as presents, were defused. (Ye’or p 416)
Bali: October 12th, 2002—202 dead -88 Australians plus tourists, locals eg Hindus.
On October 12, 2002 a suicide bomber detonated himself inside a bar along the beach in Bali killing 9 people, a few minutes later a parked van exploded (1000KG bomb) outside the Sari Club, killing 202 people. A few miles away a bomb exploded at the U.S. consulate about a minute after the van exploded, however no one was injured.
Hambali linked to this bombing is also linked to the 2003 Marriot hotel bombings in Indonesia killing 10 and wounding close to 150 and a meeting of 2 of the September 11th hijackers in Malaysia in 2000.
(Homeland security 2003; AFP 2008)
Sulawesi: 2005, THREE Christian high school girls were beheaded as a Ramadan "trophy" by Indonesian militants who conceived the idea after a visit to Philippines jihadists, a court heard yesterday. The girls' severed heads were dumped in plastic bags in their village in Indonesia's strife-torn Central Sulawesi province, along with a handwritten note threatening more such attacks. The note read:
"Wanted: 100 more Christian heads, teenaged or adult, male or female; blood shall be answered with blood, soul with soul, head with head."
The attackers beheaded three of the students but a fourth, Noviana Malewa, escaped after a struggle and ran away screaming. Her attackers gave chase but were unable to catch her. The bodies, dressed in school uniform, were left by the roadside near the execution site, but the heads were carried in a backpack (Fitzpatrick 2005) 16-year-old Noviana Malewa, who fled with a gaping head wound. ‘I was streaming with blood.’ A thick scar runs from the back of her neck to just under her right eye. Noviana's family, which fled the hamlet overlooking Poso, had recently returned, confident that tensions were subsiding. Still recovering from the attack, the girl now lives under police guard in the Christian town of Tentena. The assailants collected her friends' heads, put them into black plastic bags and then dumped them in Christian parts of Poso, one on a porch, the other two on the street. Christians, who represent just 5 percent of the country's overall population of 220 million, have refrained from loudly demanding justice. More than 1000 Christians there have been slain by Muslims.
"Also close by is heavily Muslim southern Thailand, where a two-year insurgency has left more than 1,100 dead”(Swank 2005)
In October 2006, the general secretary of the Synod Council of Central Sulawesi Protestant Church was shot in the head (killed) as he walked near shops in Palu, Central Sulawesi (ucanews 2006).
Sumatra: 2010- A crowd of at least 1000 people burned down two Protestant churches in Sibuhuan (district of Padang Lawas, North Sumatra). The district chief of Padang Lawas, Basrah Lubis, said that
"the attackers arrived in a flash. Their number was enormous, more or less a thousand. They were angry because the administration of the church had not responded to their demands: to change the use of buildings from 'places of prayer' to 'neutral buildings'. "
Both burned churches - two adjoining buildings - belong to the Synod of the Protestant Batak Church (Huria Kristen Batak Protestant, Hkbp), and are Pentecostal churches, whose faithful belong predominantly to the ethnic Batak group. Even their liturgies, with dances and songs are in the Batak language. (Marisol 2010). The Batak are long inhabitants of Sulawesi and have resisted Islam. Islam not only hates other religions but also forbids singing and playing musical instruments! Of course it is almost impossible for Christians to obtain permission to build or use an existing building for a church in this ‘moderate, tolerant’ Muslim country!
Java: Church facilities at St. Albert chapel in West Java were attacked on December 17, 2009 and burnt by a mob of nearly 1,000 Muslims in Bekasi Regency, near Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. The mob arrived at midnight, carrying banners and tanks of kerosene. Muslims damaged bricks, broke lights, uprooted newly planted trees and set the building on fire. One witness reported hearing them shout,
“Destroy! Destroy it! Replace the church with a mosque!” . (Persecution.com 2009)
Catholic and Protestant leaders have blamed the Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono for recent church attacks, saying that he failed to maintain religious freedom during the first 100 days of his second term:
ie. “The number of church attack cases increased. Eighteen Catholic and Protestant churches were attacked, including arson attacks at Protestant churches in North Sumatra,”
“I got the impression that he let those [attacks] happen,”
“He is a good person, but he is weak. He does not act firmly against radical groups and local authorities that commit violence.
“I am very disappointed as similar cases happen again and again in Indonesia, and none has been resolved,” (ucanews 2010)
Again we see recent Islamic conquest, enslavement, obliteration of pre-Islamic cultures, enforcement of an Arab supremacist culture and the creation of horrendous nations that repress their people and threaten neighbours.
Islam is the problem and no Muslim ruler, regardless of what taqiyya (LIES) he tells the west, will do anything to halt the complete takeover by Islam.
Jihad, its associated slavery and human trafficking continue to grow in Indonesia, Malaysia and other areas where Muslims predominate in SE Asia.
The Indonesian Islamist cleric Abu Bakar Bashir, who was released from prison in July 2006 after having been charged with complicity in the Bali terror attacks of 2002, gave an interview to Al-Jazeera in which he outlined his plans for establishing an Islamic state in Indonesia. Bashir attacked democracy and the West, and called on Muslims to wage jihad against the ruling regimes in the Muslim world. The interview appeared on August 21, 2006, on Al-Jazeera's English-language website. He wants an Islamic state, jihad and sharia –there is no ‘democracy’ in Islam (Memri 2006)
Bat Ye’or notes that strategies for the territorial conquest of dar al-harb are being developed in Islamic countries eg Indonesia, Philippines ( p 202) while the US and Europe compete for the favour of the Muslim world by once again abandoning the victimized people to its mercies ( p 338).
Conversion to Islam is simply another form of enslavement. Islamists have falsely linked (forced) Islam with nationalism ie all Malays and all Maldivians are forced to be Muslim and cannot leave-BUT, Islam is NOT linked with the liberation or freedom of the people but is by far their greatest oppressor! (see articles this site on the Maldives) May the people of SE Asia reject Islam, retrieve their history and enter the free world.
Many record the endless violence done by Muslims –eg Banabas reports, Bill Warner’s bulletins (www.politicalislam.com)
Shamefully, Australia’s Prime minister K.Rudd facilitates people smuggling/trafficking and jihad as he gives large amounts of taxpayer’s money (Jizya) to Indonesia (and Malaysia?),and allows Muslim illegal immigrants entry. Illegal immigration, drug and weapons smuggling and trafficking children and adults as slaves and prostitutes into the Islamic world are all interlinked.
If Rudd wanted to stop the smugglers he would (1) give NO MONEY to any Muslim country (jizya!) (2) he would FINE countries like Indonesia, Malaysia every time one of their boats arrives with illegal immigrants (3) He would immediately return all Muslims to their last port as Muslims are the persecutors of others, NOT the persecuted! Muslims are all the ‘umma’ and have asylum in any of 57 Muslim countries which are unsafe for others—they have obviously freely entered and remained in Indonesia and Malaysia so NO ASYLUM here!
(4) He would exit the UN which forces us to take known dangerous Muslims eg Muslim Brotherhood members. And (5) he would stop training the dangerous Indonesian military.
All seekers of asylum should seek asylum in the first country they enter and only non-Muslims from neighbouring islands fleeing Islamic violence come directly here. Take the genuine refugees who respect our laws and apply legally from refugee camps, NOT Islamic invaders! Stop rewarding those who abuse our laws by allowing them entry as such people don’t respect our laws or culture. Muslims come with a blue print for a totalitarian Islamic state that threatens all Australians and is treason! Stop Islam’s jihad!
Part M will be a conclusion to this series.
1) afp. ‘Bali bombings 2002’ May 2008 http://www.afp.gov.au/international/operations/previous_operations/bali_bombings_2002.html
2) AKI: Indonesia: ‘Rights groups call for an end to child slavery in Malaysia’
3) Bostom, A. ‘The 9/11 Commission and Jihad.’ FrontPageMagazine.com | Thursday, July 29, 2004 http://188.8.131.52/readArticle.aspx?ARTID=12005
4) Bostom, A. G. ‘The Legacy of Jihad: Islamic holy war and the fate of the non-Muslims.’ Prometheus Books. New York. 2005.
5) Encyclopaedia Britannica Vol 9 p 466-491 15th edition. 1982 Printed in the USA.
6) Fitzpatrick, Stephen. ‘Beheaded girls were Ramadan 'trophies' Jakarta correspondent From: The Australian November 09, 2006 12:00AM
7) Guilart, Guido. ‘Indonesia Military Accused of Sex Slavery’ 2003 http://www.peacewomen.org/news/Timor-Leste/newsarchive03/sexslaves.html
8) gvnet. ‘Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery’ -In the first ten years of the 21st Century - 2000 to 2009. 2009. http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Indonesia.htm
9) Hariyadi, Mathias. ‘A thousand Islamic extremists, including women and children, storm a Church near Jakarta’
10) hinduexistence ‘Malay Muslims deny Thailand’s Buddhist majority. 6 Buddhists gunned down in South Thailand by Islamic insurgents for Pan-Islamic Jihad. 2000 Buddhists killed in last six years in Thailand.’
April 3, 2010 http://hinduexistence.wordpress.com/2010/04/03/malay-muslims-denies-thailands-buddhist-majority-6-buddhists-gunned-down-in-south-thailand-by-islamic-insurgents-for-pan-islamic-jihad/
11) homeland security. ‘Bali Nightclub Bombing’ 2003 http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/ops/bali.htm
12) HRW: ‘Thousands of Child Maids Are Condemned to Slavery in Indonesia, Rights Report Finds’ 2005 http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/6-20-2005-71885.asp
13) IRIN. PHILIPPINES: ‘Risk of fresh violence puts IDPs in danger’ Apr 2010
Source: IRIN http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/IRIN/654b4a74cb9503bab0d8db896a7fec66.htm
14) Khan, M. A. ‘Islamic Jihad: A legacy of forced conversion, imperialism and slavery.’ iUniverse, Bloomington, IN. 2009.
15) Kendal, Elizabeth. ‘Malaysia: tension, appeasement and restriction’ - Malaysians debate the religious freedom status of Muslims: is it defined by the Constitution or the Sharia? 2006.
World Evangelical Alliance Religious Liberty Commission (WEA RLC) Special to ASSIST News Service 2006
16) Kendal, Elizabeth. ‘The Islamisation of Malaysia’ 8 June 2007 World Evangelical Alliance Religious Liberty News & Analysis From: WEA RLC Principal Researcher and Writer, Elizabeth Kendal (http://www.worldevangelicals.org/commissions/rlc/reports/articles.htm?id=1166 -doesn’t seem to work) try http://www.worldevangelicals.org/news/article.htm?id=1703
17) Kuppusamy, Baradan. ‘ Malaysia's minorities unite against Sharia’ 2006/01/14 http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/HA14Ae04.html
18) Marisol. Indonesia: ‘Muslim mob burns two churches over lack of "permits" January 23, 2010 http://www.jihadwatch.org/2010/01/indonesia-muslim-mob-burns-two-churches-over-lack-of-permits.html
19) Memri. Indonesian Islamist Abu Bakar Bashir: 'It is Not Democracy That We Want, but Allah-cracy!' MEMRI Special Dispatch Series - No. 1285 September 8, 2006 No.1285
20) Murdoch, L. ‘Christina’s Story’ Sydney Morning Herald. Jan 2001 http://www.angelfire.com/rock/hotburrito/christinasagat.html
21) Murdoch, L. ‘Conversion Crusade Rends Spice Islands.’ The Age. 27/1/2001. News p 19.
22) Murphy, Katharine. ‘ Malaysian democracy flourishing, says Rudd’ July 11, 2008
23) Mydans, Seth. ‘Ninth Church Vandalized in Malaysia as Tensions Rise’ January 11, 2010 http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/12/world/asia/12malaysia.html
24) Persecution.com . Indonesia: ‘Muslims Destroy Church’ Dec 17 2009. http://www.persecution.com/public/newsroom.aspx?story_ID=MjE0
25) Prakash, Jaya. ’PM takes the Malay cake’ Herald Sun July 14, 2008
26) Reuters (a). ‘ Malaysian church firebombed’ Jan 8 2010 http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE60909L20100110
27) Reuters (b). ‘Six killed in Thailand's insurgency-plagued south’ NARATHIWAT, Thailand Apr 1, 2010 http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6302EI20100401
28) Sheridan, Michael and Dewi Loveard, ‘Tsunami survivors given the lash- Disaster donations help Islamic vigilante force impose punishments on women - Banda Aceh’ The Sunday Times December 17, 2006 http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article756104.ece
29) SMH. ‘Schoolgirls beheaded in grisly Indonesian attack.’ October 29, 2005
30) Sookhdeo, P. ‘Global Jihad: The future in the face of Militant Islam.’ Isaac Publishing. 2007.
31) Swank, J. Grant Jr. ‘MUSLIMS BEHEAD 3 CHRISTIAN TEENS: INDONESIA’
32) the star. ‘Non-Muslim council holds special prayers’ http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/4/3/courts/17328068&sec=courts
33) Trifkovic, S. ‘The sword of the prophet.’ Regina Orthodox Press, Inc. 2002.
34) ucanews (2006): ‘Protestant Church Leaders Urge Probe Into Protestant Pastor Shooting’ – Sulawasi 19/10/06; www.ucanews.com/ http://www.missionandjustice.org/protestant-church-leaders-urge-probe-into-protestant-pastor-shooting-sulawasi/
35) ucanews (2010) ‘Church attacks increase in SBY’s first 100 days’ February 2, 2010 http://www.ucanews.com/2010/02/02/yudhoyono%E2%80%99s-%E2%80%98laxity%E2%80%99-blamed-for-sectarian-attacks/
36) Vink, Markus "The World's Oldest Trade": Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean in the Seventeenth Century* Journal of World History. Vol 14, No. 2, 2003 SUNY–Fredonia http://www.historycooperative.org/cgi-bin/justtop.cgi?act=justtop&url=http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/jwh/14.2/vink.html
37) Widjojoatmodjo, R. A. ‘Islam in the Netherlands East Indies’ In The far Eastern Quarterly, 2 (1) p 48-57, November 1942. Reproduced in ‘The Pacific world: Lands, Peoples and history of the Pacific, 1500-1900. Vol 17 Religions and missionaries around the Pacific, 1500-1900. Edited by Tanya Storch. Ashgate Publishing Ltd. 2006. England; USA.
(Available on line: http://books.google.com.au/books?id=rR0GbqNKDzAC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=Widjojoatmodjo,+R.+A.+%E2%80%98Islam+in+the+Netherlands+East+Indies%E2%80%99&source=bl&ots=-wjeL7Cd8S&sig=4Lxhnb8n4oTcu9HZLEOIaDT_XCM&hl=en&ei=SmDaS-rXHo_2sgPFrJRw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CAYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Widjojoatmodjo%2C%20R.%20A.%20%E2%80%98Islam%20in%20the%20Netherlands%20East%20Indies%E2%80%99&f=false)
38) Ye’or, Bat. ‘Islam and Dhimmitude: Where civilisations collide’ translated from the French by Miriam Kochan and David Littman. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press 2002, reprint 2005.